Kargil war

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During the Kargil war , on 13th June, 1999, India had made complete preparations for heavy bombardment. The Indian Air Force's 16 jet fighter aircraft were ready to hit the enemy's surface quite a bit. Most of these aircraft were the MiG aircraft. Although Indian politicians did not approve the IAF of India till they crossed the Control Line in Kashmir and entered the Pakistani territory, but still the Indian Air Force suffered much damage to the Pakistani army by staying within its airspace.

Indian Air Force carried out air strikes on Pakistani military bases at the height of 18 thousand feet in the Himalayan area. Never before in the fighter history of Air Force. These air strikes resulted in three important goals. First, the Indian Army got the victory quickly, secondly - the morale of the Pakistani army broke and third - it exposed Pakistan's nuclear resistance front.

A report by the journal 'Strategy Page' (The Case of the Strategies) says that the air force in the Kargil war and then in 2002, the air force saw the rise of the Indian Air Force during the confrontation of the border, due to the morale of the Pakistani Air Force Although, many aircraft of Indian Air Force participated in the Kargil campaign, but with the missiles farther away from the sight-limit, The cover provided by the GT-29 Fuelcrafts aircraft revealed the plight of the Pakistani Air Force. The report of 'Strategy page' says that analyzes of Pakistani experts revealed that when a practical need was made, Pakistani air force could not cooperate with the Pakistani army. This caused resentment in Pakistan's army.

During the Kargil war, where Pakistan's fighter aircraft used to fly only for air patrol and used to stay within Pakistan's airspace, while the air-to-air missile R-77 was equipped with BVM missiles, the Indian Air Force's MiG -29 fighter aircraft used to occasionally take Pakistan's F-16 fighter planes on target, due to which the Pakistani aircraft should be forced to retreat. It was a dirt. Due to no danger from the Pakistani Air Force, the Indian Air Force has been able to carry out countless devastating attacks on the intruders' bases and supply warehouses.

There was a slight change in this situation during the 2002 confrontation between India and Pakistan. The journal 'Strategy page' writes further - A Pakistani military expert is of the opinion that the Pakistani Air Force had assumed that not only was it unable to protect the Pakistani airspace but also in a small fight against the IAF is unable. That is why the Pakistani leaders warned that if India invaded Pakistan, Pakistan will immediately respond to its nuclear attack on India. This insecurity sentiment of the Pakistani Air Force was the biggest reason behind this warning. It would be no exaggeration to say that after the Kargil war and the experiences of 2002, the morale of the Pakistani Air Force was completely demolished.

In a report titled 'Air Capacity at the height of 18 thousand feet: Indian Air Force in Kargil War' published by Carnegie International Peace Akshaynidhi, in detail, Benjamin Lamb has explained in detail how Indian Air Force has flooded the Pakistani Army and the Air Force. - During the entire Kargil campaign, whenever the Indian Air Force launched a reconnaissance campaign in the near-war zone The action of the transferee or ground attack, At that time, the MiG-29 of the Western Command of the IAF or other air fighters who were air-to-air in the air used to fly. These aircraft patrol the air above ground for the ground battle in the Indian territory located near the control line. The objective was to resist any air attack by Pakistani Air Force in the air. Pakistan Air Force f-16 aircraft used to fly over Pakistani land but they usually used to stay at a distance of 10-20 miles from the control line. However, at times, he used to reach only 8 miles away from ground-fighting places.

Lambeth has quoted these lines of Air Marshal (retired) Vinod Patni, the then Chief of the Western Command of the Air Force - I think that the responsibility of the command to deploy fighter air patrol aircraft on different heights above the entire area. We were persistent in stubbornness because it seemed to the Pakistani army that I was engaged in preparing for a big war. In this way we presented a challenge to the enemy, but he did not accept it.

The Atal Bihari Vajpayee government had given strict instructions that the Indian army should not cross the control line. Therefore, the fighter aircraft of Indian Air Force never fired with the F-16 aircraft of the IAF. But after several years, Indian Air Force chief Anil Tipnis said - I had allowed my fellow fighter pilots to cross the control line, even if the Pakistani fighter aircraft used to fight with them. Are there.

Operation victory (vijay)

When Pakistani infiltrators made a direct target of a reconnaissance aircraft of the IAF from the Anja missile, which was tainted by the Pakistani infiltrators on the shoulder built in China and hit by the ground, and the plane was saved, the IAF cleared the intruders from the Himalayan peaks. To begin the operation began. In the morning of May 26, 1999, Misg-21, MiG-23 and MiG-27 fighters launched a series of six strikes on the supply routes of infiltrating camps, supply stores and areas located just above Drass, Kargil and Batalik.

Here is an example of Indian Jugaad. Advanced navigation services were not available for pilots of MiG-21 fighter aircraft. Therefore, they used the stopwatch and hand-held GPS receivers in the cockpit. Indian Air Force dropped bombs at places where the landslides due to the bombing and its debris fell on the supply lines of the intruders. According to Prasun K. Sengupta, the Indian Air Force developed another innovative technique in the history of "Mountain Warfare and the campaigns of the three armies".

Air Marshal Patni said that one of my young pilots took a small video camera in their fighter plane. He made a movie of our interest area, and we got a reconciliation report at a much wider level. At the same time, the IAF flew the MiG-25R aircraft at moderate heights to take neat and good pictures of the area. The MiG-25R aircraft usually flies at an altitude of 80 thousand feet. In this way, the Indian Air Force made these planes possible by doing a work which Russian scientists of this plane rarely thought.

Laser attack

Regardless of all the activism, it was difficult to find the enemy's bases, so the missiles of the MiG-21, MiG-23 and MiG-27 aircraft, which were not equipped with modern weapons, had no profound impact. Pilots of the MiG-23 and MiG-27 planes were used for the purpose of throwing bombs, but this warfare was not suitable for the almost uninhabited atmosphere of the Himalayas. On this occasion, the IAF imposed Mirage 2000H fighter aircraft equipped with laser-guided bombers working day and night.


On June 24, two Mirage 2000 H aircraft attacked northern light walks and control barracks and destroyed them. This was the first example of the use of laser-guided bombs in the war by the IAF. According to Lambeth, for this decisive attack, the Indian Air Force had earlier waited for the idea that the size of the hut should be sufficiently large so that such attacks on it are strategically appropriate.

DN Ganesh has written in the book 'Action of Indian Air Force' - at the end of 1999, the Indian Air Force said that due to this attack 300 people of the enemy were killed within a few minutes. When the Indian detectives heard mutual conversations of the Pakistanis, it came to know that there was a serious crisis of logistics, water, medical supplies and ammunition in front of them. At the same time, it was not possible for infiltrators to take out their injured colleagues.

The US Air Force's manual says - Air power gives physiological and psychological trauma to the lordship on the fourth dimension of time. The result of this trauma is - Confusion and disorganization At the same time, the Indian Army was continuously hitting Pakistani targets with heavy artillery at the time the Indian Air Force was showing its feat. There was a continuous bombardment of Pakistani infiltrators round the clock, which left their morale totally demolished. 
The effect of the Indian Air Force's campaign was so strong that the foreign minister of Pakistan, Sartaj Aziz, reached New Delhi on June 12, and he requested India to "stop air raids". What could be more disappointing conditions for the enemy side than now.

Last phase

However, the most meaningful statement about this war was given by India's then Defense Minister George Fernandes. In January 2000, he commented that while playing a game of Kargil war, Pakistan did not understand the real meaning of nuclear-armamentation that it could only stop the use of nuclear weapons, not the fight of every kind.

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