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World War I

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Between 1914 and 1918, this World War, which is mainly in Europe, is called World War I. This World War was fought in Europe, Asia and Africa on three continents and in water, land and sky. It is called World War because of the number of countries participating in it, its area (in which it has been fought) and unprecedented figures of damage caused by it.

World War I lasted for almost 52 months and for the generation of that time it was an experience to change the vision of life. Almost half of the world got into the grip of violence and during this time estimated that 10 million people died and twice were injured. In addition, millions of people die from diseases such as diseases and malnutrition.

The four major empires - Russia, Germany, Austria-Hungary (Hepesburg) and Osmanias - collapsed after World War ended. Europe's boundaries were again determined and the United States definitely emerged as a 'superpower'.

 

Events

Due to the Industrial Revolution, all major countries wanted such colonists from where they could get raw material and all could be made in their country and could sell goods made from machinos. In order to achieve this objective, every country started to want to empire on another country, and military power was increased and secret diplomatic treaties were done for this. This increased unbelief and animosity among nations and war became compulsory. The killing of Archduke Ferdinand and his wife , the successor of the throne of Austria, was an immediate reason for the war. This incident took place on 28 June 1914 in Serajevo. After a month, Austria declared war against Serbia. Russia, France and Britain assisted Serbia and Germany made Austria In August, from Turkey, Germany, in Japan, from Japan and Britain, and some time later, joined the war.

In June 1914, Austria's Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist in Sarajevo, Bosnia, capital of Austria, which resulted in the war on Serbia on 28 July in which Russia came along with Austria-Hungary. . Before moving towards France, Neutral invaded Belgium and Luxembourg, due to which Britain declared war against Germany

Germany, Austria, Hungary and the Ottoman Empire (the so-called Central Powers), against Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy and Japan (Allied forces) mobilized until mid-August and after 1917 the United States went to Allies Had joined.

This World War was fought in Europe, Asia and Africa on three continents and in water, land and sky. Initially Germany won In 1917, Germany drowned many merchant ships. Once Germany submerged its submarine from the Lucitinia ship of England. In which some American civilians were involved, the United States jumped into the war on behalf of Britain, but due to the Russian Revolution, Russia was separated from World War II. In the year 1918, Britain, France and USA defeated nations such as Germany. The war ended on November 11, 1918, on the prayers of Germany and Austria.

Fight

There have been many battles under this World War. Of these, Tenenburg (26 to 31 August 1914), Marnan (5 to 10 September 1914), Sari Bair and Suwala Bay (6 to 10 August 1915), Vardu (21 February 1916 to 20 August 1917), Amiyaan (August 8-11) 1918), and Vittorio Benetto (23 to 29 October 1918) etc. have given greater importance to the battles. Here is a brief account of only two.

The main target of the 1916 attacks by Germany was Berdon. On February 21, 1916 AD, for the purpose of invading France to invade the Allied forces in the continent, The war was defeated by the war. The nine German divisions invaded the right bank of the Mosque River and ruled the first and second war fronts. The French army was headed to face this challenge under the chairmanship of Oz Pattan. The German army left only five miles away from the border of February 26. For a few days there was a fierce battle. By March 15 the German invasion began to fade, and France got an opportunity to make a smooth arrangement for its interest and logistics. There was also a fierce war on Western banks of the museum which lasted till April. At the end of May, Germany invaded both sides of the river and succeeded in taking Wax's fort on June 7 after the fierce war. Germany was on top of its success now. The southern slopes of the French Soldier Mart Hoem were terrestrial fronts. The struggle continued. The British army attacked the sue and rided the wreck. Germany The last attack took place on September 3. France led by Gen. Mengin led to the defeat and won most of the lost places. After the final battle of Bardu on August 20, 1917, only in Beamant (left) in Germany's Hands, the wars had made the French army relaxed, while the number of Germans hurting was about three lakhs and their enthusiasm fell.

In the battlefield of Amies, there were mainly barricades, i.e. trenches of trenches. From March 21 to April 20, the German increased their fronts, bringing the English army closer to 25 miles. Their purpose was to empower the railway line coming out from there, which traveled from the Calle Port to Paris and through which the English forces and goods were transported to France.

From April 20 to July 18, the Germans stay near the Amiens. On the other hand, the Allies organized their strength very much, and their armies, which earlier fought under the direction of their own national generals, were made under the command of a commander, Marshal Fouche.

In July 1918, following the direction of General Foss, Allied forces defeated the Germans in many places.

German captain Ludendarf was the confluence of the sudden invasion of the place where the English and French armies. This attack will take place on March 21 .. At the time, when the operation of the army could not be known due to fog, 4000 guns started with fireworks. On April 4, the German army was only two miles away from the Calle-Paris railway. On 11-12 April English commanders requested the soldiers to die fighting.

After that for more than a week, the Germans continued to fight near Amiens, but they could not take possession of the Calle-Paris rail line. His attempt to separate the British from the French was unsuccessful.

April 20, nearly three months German allies were to try to defeat the other areas and succeed. But they did not get the opportunity to benefit from this success. Allied countries had arranged to increase their power in this horrible situation.

On March 25, General Foss was appointed commander of Allied forces in the region. The UK's Parliament extended the age of military service to 50 years in April and sent 3,55,000 troops to France within the month of April. Soldiers from America also started reaching France and gradually their number reached 600,000. Allied air force prevailed due to new weapons and other inventions. Especially their tactics became very efficient.

On July 15, the Germans carried out their last invasion in the attempt to move towards the river on the river Marne. Three days after the French army stopped it, a powerful invasion of Germans in the same area captured 30,000 soldiers. Then on August 8, under the chairmanship of General Hague, British and French forces suddenly attacked the Germans under the guise of fog at 4:30 p.m. After four minutes of gunfire in this fight, hundreds of tanks were forwarded to the army, which caused a stir in the German army. Before the amirs, a 14-mile peak was attacked between the Abrand and the Saum Rivers, and the Germans suffered so much damage in that battle that Sudendorf named the day black for the German army.

In the Treaty of Versailles, strict conditions were imposed on Germany. Its bad result appeared as World War II and the main objective of establishing the organization was not met.

First World War and India

When this war started, India was under colonial rule. These Indian soldiers fought in different battles across the world. India contributed immensely both in terms of manpower and material in the war effort. The soldiers of India fought with great respect in different battlegrounds in France and Belgium, Aidan, Arab, East Africa, Gali Poli, Egypt, Mesopotamia, Palestine, Persia and Salonika, but all over the world. Two soldiers of the Garhwal Rifles Regiment also received the United States' highest medal Victoria Cross.

Before the war began, the Germans had tried very hard to launch a movement against Britain in India. Many people thought that if Britain got engaged in war then the revolutionaries of India would take advantage of this opportunity to succeed in overthrowing the British from the country. But in contrast, the leaders of Indian National Congress were of the opinion that Britain should be helped to achieve independence this time. And when the war started on 4th August, Britain took the leaders of India in their favor. The kings of princely states opened the hearts of the war and helped Britain's financial and military assistance.

A total of 8 lakh Indian soldiers fought in this war, in which 47746 soldiers were killed and 65,000 were injured. Due to this war the economy of India became almost bankrupt. Britain's support for Britain in this war by the big leaders of the country was also startled by British thinkers. The leaders of India had hoped that the British would give independence to India as a reward, or at least give the right to self-government by being happy with Britain's support in the war, but nothing like that happened. Inverted British paused India's mouth with such abusive acts like the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.

The most meaningful statement about this war was given by the then Indian Defense Minister George Fernandes. In January 2000, he commented that while playing a game of Kargil war, Pakistan did not understand the real meaning of nuclear-armamentation that it could only stop the use of nuclear weapons, not the fight of every kind.


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