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India-Pakisthan War 1965

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The india-Pak war of 1965 is the name of those encounters that took place between April 1, 1965 and September 1965 between the two countries. It is also known as Kashmir's second war. There is a dispute from the time of the partition for the right to Jammu and Kashmir state between India and Pakistan. The first war between India and Pakistan in 1947 was only for Kashmir. The beginning of this battle, Pakistan had sent its troops in the form of intruders and in the hope that the people of Kashmir revolted against India, the name of this campaign was named by Pakistan Pakistan's warshipsh Gibraltar. Thousands of people from both sides died in this war that lasted for five months. The end of this war took place with the declaration of ceasefire by the United Nations, and Tashkand had an agreement on both sides.

Most part of this fight was fought by the army of both sides. There was never such a huge military mobilization about Kargil war before Kashmir. In war, the armored troops used to participate in many operations with the help of the IAF. Like many wars between the parties, many details of this war have not been made public by both parties.


Pre-war tensions rise

The letter made public later by the US in which intelligence information was given to the presence of Pakistani intruders in hundreds and hundreds in Jammu and Kashmir

From the time of the partition of India and Pakistan in 1947, there was a panic over many issues between India and Pakistan, though the issue of Jammu and Kashmir was the biggest one, but there were other border disputes among them the most important Rann of Kutch, which It was on the balance of the barren area. On March 20, 1965, slaughter was started by Pakistan in the battle of Kutch deliberately. Initially they included only the Border Security Force but later both the troops of the two countries joined the war. On June 1, 1965, British Prime Minister Harold Wilson stopped the fight between the two parties to resolve the dispute, Established. The court (whose decision came later in 1968, but the stand had already been made) gave about 9 00 square kilometers of the run of Kutch to Pakistan. Although the claim of Pakistan was at 3500 square kilometers. .

Encouraged by the success of Kutch's success, Pakistani politicians, especially the then Foreign Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, pressured President and Chief of Army Staff General Ayub Khan to order an attack on Kashmir. India had lost the war with China at the time and believed that India was not in a position to fight at that time. Apart from this, Bhutto and other general people agreeing with his views, Yahya Khan and Tikka Khan also believed that the people of Kashmir would be free from India and would like to merge with Pakistan and would revolt in support of sending troops to the intruders. After all, General Ayub Khan came under pressure and ordered the operation of Gibraltar Operation Gibraltar. The main purpose of this campaign was to launch a rebellion in the people of Kashmir and harm the Indian communication system and transport system. Intruders of Pakistan were soon recognized and instead of revolting, the public had their information Indian


Stupid

On 26th August 1965 between 26,000 and 30000 Pakistani soldiers crossed the Line of Control (LoC) in Kashmiri local population and entered Indian Kashmir. Indian Army crossed the Line of Control on August 15 after receiving information from local population. 


India, in the Rail Bhawan of Indian Area Khemkaran, taken in the custody of Chief of the Army, Pakistan, General Muhammad Musa Khan


Initially the Indian Army got a great success. With the help of an artillery, he took possession of three important hilly areas. Pakistan has made significant progress in Tithwal, Uri and Poonch areas but on August 18, the strength of the Pakistani campaign had reduced considerably. The Indians succeeded in bringing additional pieces and India got into the 8th of the territory occupied by Pakistan occupying Haji Pir Pass. Pakistan could come to this occupation from this occupation. The mission of Gibraltar's intruder engineers had come in the possession of Indians and the campaign failed. Not only that, the command of Pakistan seemed to be that the important city of Pakistani Kashmir, Muzaffarabad, is now going to take possession of Indians. In order to reduce pressure on Muzaffarabad, Pakistan launched Operation Grand Slam in a new campaign.


On September 1, 1965, Pakistan invaded the strategic city for the occupation of the important city, Akhnur, Jammu and Kashmir, under a campaign called Grand Slam. The purpose of this campaign was to disconnect the Kashmir Valley from the rest of India so that its logistics and communication system could be dissolved. India was not ready for Pakistan's invasion and Pakistan was getting huge benefit in the number of soldiers and better tanks. Initially India suffered heavy losses, in response to this, the Indian Army used air strikes, in response to this, Pakistan attacked the air bases of Punjab and Srinagar. In this phase of war Pakistan was in a very good position and this unexpected attack had spread panic in the Indian camp. Going to Akhnoor's Pakistani army could threaten India's defeat in the Kashmir valley. The first and the biggest reason for the Grand Slam failure was that the Pakistan's The military command changed its military commander on the verge of victory; in such a way, the Pakistani army was delayed one day and in those 24 hours, India got an opportunity to bring additional soldiers and goods to protect Akhnoor himself. The local commander of the Indian Army was a bewilder that why Pakistan was leaving such an easy victory. Despite the delay of one day, the Army Chief of the Western Command of India knew that Pakistan was in a very good position and to stop it, he presented the proposal to the then Chief of the Army Staff, General Chaudhary, by launching a new front in the Punjab border and attacking Lahore. To be given. General Chaudhary did not agree with this, but the then Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri disagreed with the order and ordered this attack. There was an opportunity to bring additional soldiers and goods, the local commander of the Indian Army was a bewitching that why Pakistan was leaving such an easy victory. Despite the delay of one day, the Army Chief of the Western Command of India knew that Pakistan was in a very good position and to stop it, he presented the proposal to the then Chief of the Army Staff, General Chaudhary, by launching a new front in the Punjab border and attacking Lahore. To be given. General Chaudhary did not agree with this, but the then Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri disagreed with the order and ordered this attack. There was an opportunity to bring additional soldiers and goods, the local commander of the Indian Army was a bewitching that why Pakistan was leaving such an easy victory. Despite the delay of one day, the Army Chief of the Western Command of India knew that Pakistan was in a very good position and to stop it, he presented the proposal to the then Chief of the Army Staff, General Chaudhary, by launching a new front in the Punjab border and attacking Lahore. To be given. General Chaudhary did not agree with this, but the then Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri disagreed with the order and ordered this attack. Lahore should be launched by opening a new frontier in the border. General Chaudhary did not agree with this, but the then Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri disagreed with the order and ordered this attack. Lahore should be launched by opening a new frontier in the border. General Chaudhary did not agree with this, but the then Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri disagreed with the order and ordered this attack.

India crossed the International Border Line on 6th September and started the official launch of the war by attacking the Western Front. On 6th September, India's 15th Infantry Military Unit faced the major attack of Pakistan in the western shores of the willogil canal under the leadership of World War II experienced Major General Prasad. The willogil canal was the actual border between India and Pakistan. In the attack itself, the convoy of Major General Prasad was attacked and he had to leave his vehicle and run away. India earned success in crossing the canal near Barki village in counter-aggression. This led to the Indian army reaching the border to attack Lahore's air strikes and as a result, the United States appealed for a period of time to remove its citizens from Lahore. In the meanwhile, Pakistan attacked Lahore by attacking the village to reduce pressure and in return, India invaded Bedi and surrounding villages.

On September 6, in Lahore, three tank squads of the Second Armored Subdivision (Brigade) were included along with the Indian Army's first infantry military junction (Infantry Division). They immediately crossed the border and reached the willowal canal, the Pakistani army deployed the defense forces on the culvert which the Pulo could not be saved. They were blown away. This move of Pakistan stopped the advance of the Indian army. Jat Regiment, a unit of 3 Jat crossed the canal and captured Dograi and Batapura. On the same day, the Pakistani army did a major counterattack on the 15th Khanna of the Indian Army with the help of the armored unit and the Air Force, although it caused minor damage to 3 Jats but the 15th Khand had to retreat and its logistics and weapon vehicles suffered a lot. Large army officers of the Indian Army were not aware of the ground situation and therefore they ordered the retreat to 3 Jats that had suffered huge losses, of which 3 Jats


PATTAN AND SHARMAN TANKS, near the Khemkaran, destroyed the Pakistani army and captured by India. About 9 7 tanks were actually occupied by Indians in the battle of Utara.


A team of 5 Maratha Light Infantry was sent on 8th December 1965 to provide strength to the Rajasthan military force stationed in Munabaw, a strategically important town. He had received an order to stop the Pakistani army's pedestrian crossing, but only he could protect his post, the huge bombardment of the Pakistani army's artillery and the 5th Maratha soldiers introduced air and infantry military invasion. Today, as a result of that given the post is known as Maratha Hill. 5 of 3 Gurkha and 9 54 heavy artillery sent to help Maratha could not be reached due to the heavy attack of Pakistani Air Force, and the traffic coming from Barammer with logistics also became a victim of an attack near the Gadda road rail station on September 10 Pakabna was captured by Munabao.

After 9th September, the incidents of the most proud villages of the two countries were shattered. India's 1st Armored Khand, which was called the glory of the Indian Army, attacked in the direction of Sialkot. The relatively weak 6 armored Khand of Pakistan in Chavinda, badly defeated, the Indian Army had lost almost 100 tanks and forced to retreat. Encouraged by this, the Pakistani army revolted against Indians and went ahead in the Indian border. On the other side, one armored Khand, considered to be the pride of Pakistan, attacked the Khemkaran with the intention of capturing Amritsar. The Pakistani army did not rise further from the hijacking and it was defeated by the four-foot section of India. Due to the misunderstanding caused by the English spelling of a village called war war in Udal village of about 9 7 Taksa Aasal, this campaign was called "real north" It is also said.) I had been captured by Indians, whereas only 30 tanks of India were damaged. After this, this place became known as Patan Nagar on the Pakistani tanks named Patan in America. After this battle, one armored Khand, considered to be the pride of Pakistan, did not take any further part in the war of 1965.

By this time the war had stalled and both the countries were paying more attention to the protection of the living areas. In the battle 3000 soldiers of the Indian Army and 3800 Pakistani soldiers were killed. India had captured 710 square kilometers of war and Pakistan occupied 210 square kilometers. There were fertile areas of Sialkot, Lahore and Kashmir in the Indian territory, and the occupation of Sindh and Chambh in the occupation of Pakistan. 


Air warfare

For the first time since Independence in this war, the Indian Air Force (IAF) and the Pakistani Air Force (PAF) have competed against each other. Earlier, both these air forces took part in the first Kashmir war in the 1940s, in which compared to the 1965 war, their contribution was very limited and limited to transportation only.

The Indian Air Force had a large number of Hawker Hunter, Faland Nate, De Havilland Vampire, E.I. Canberra Bomber and a squadron of MiG-21 made in India. Pakistani Air Force's Fadder Plains - 102 Saber and 12, and 24 B-57 Canberra Bombers During the conflict, the proportion of India and Pakistan Air Force was 5: 1.

Pakistani aircraft were mostly American, while India had a mixed fleet of Soviet and European aircraft. There was a lot of publicity that Pakistan's American aircraft were better than Indian aircraft but according to some experts it was not right because the performance of Indian Air Force, Hawker Hunter and Folland Nate Fighter was better than their competitor Pakistan's F-86 Saber. According to Air Commodore (Retd) Sajjad Haider, who led Pakistan's No.19 Squadron in the war- although the Indian Air Force's Vampire Fighter aircraft was old and weak compared to the F-86 Saber, but Hunter aircraft was superior to both in power and speed. Were.

According to the Indians, the F-86 was weak in front of the small Folland Gnat, due to which these aircraft were being called "Saaber Destroyer." F-104 Starfighter of Pakistan Air Force was the fastest airplane at that time in the subcontinent. And was often called "pride of Pakistan Air Force". But according to Sajjad Haider, the aircraft were not worthy of this honor because they were "planes to prevent and combat the Soviet bombers flying at an altitude of 400,000 feet", and not on the high altitude fighter planes. Fighting Together Therefore, they were not suitable in the atmosphere of that time. "It can be argued that though it was believed that the Indian Air Force was concerned due to the Starfighter, but in the fight it did not prove as effective as it was much slower but somewhere More Agile, Folland Nate Fighter

Both countries have made claims against each other for the damage done in battle and only a few neutral sources have verified them. The Pakistani Air Force claimed that it dropped 104 aircraft of India and lost 19 aircraft while the IAF claimed that they dropped 73 aircraft from Pakistan and lost 35 of their aircraft. According to a neutral source, in a parade shortly after the end of the war, Pakistani Air Force flew 86 F-86 Saber, 10 F-104 Starfighter, and 20 B-57 Canberra aircraft, so that the Indian Air Force claimed to drop 73 Pakistani aircraft Appears to be incorrect, which was then the almost complete first line of Pakistan's fighter aircraft at the time. 


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